DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.



Arthritis of the base of the thumb. (n.d.). [Brochure]. 6300 North River Road,
     Suite 600, Rosemont, IL 60018-4256: American Society for Surgery of the
       Hand clinics receive many patients with Arthritis, specifically in the
       base of the thumb. The American Society for Surgery of the Hand put out a
       pamphlet for the public on background knowledge for Arthritis in the base
       of thumb to inform both the patient and doctor on the the disease itself
       and how to diagnosis it. The source helps describe how to pin point
       complaints of pain as Arthritis and further how to treat the pain.
       Therapy for Arthritis differs from other hand therapy as it proscribes
       splints to support the joint while it is engaged in physical activity
       rather than giving an exercise program as Arthritis cannot be cured. Once
       Arthritis is existent, the joint will only continue to get worse with
       movement and cannot be altered. The pamphlet shows that the only way to
       better the issue is through surgery as therapy can only provide ways to
       prevent further damage of the joint. The source provides easy to follow
       subsections along with diagrams of the joint within the base of the thumb
       and the effect of Arthritis in this region. The source also includes a
       method described as the "grind test" as performed often in hand
       therapy that helps discover whether or not the pain is being caused by

Banerjee, D. (n.d.). Global Population and Internet Users 2000-2020. In CEO,
     World Press, and More. Retrieved January, 2011, from debajyoti.net...
       Debajyoti Banerjee provides data on the number internet users over time
       describing the dramatic and rapid increase within the last decade and
       predictions for the next decade. Along with this description the author
       provides a chart that shows the ratio between the world’s population
       compared with the amount of internet users in 2000, currently in 2010,
       and as predicted for in the future in 2020. The chart demonstrates how
       the rise in internet marketing has and will continue to increase and thus
       helps show the significance of advertising and communication through the
       internet. As the amount of users increase so does the number of online
       businesses and marketing through the web rather than communication
       through any other means. The internet has become the world’s leading
       market; because of this, companies, businesses, and means of information
       are targeted by the most amount of people throughout the internet instead
       of published references. Knowledge of the rise in the internet could help
       any organization gain popularity and success. For the physical therapy
       industry, knowing the dramatic effects of the internet on the public
       could help both its professionals and patients in gaining knowledge on
       rehabilitation /therapy.

Bickhart, Nicole. Personal interview. Nov. 2011. Nicole Bickhart went to Ohio
     State where she received a degree in Occupational Therapy followed by a
     Certified Hand Therapy degree later on; she now works in the hand therapy
     clinic at Physiotherapy Associates in Clarksville, Maryland. Nicole works
     with patients who have injured their hand or arm for rehabilitation either
     directly after the injury or following surgery. As a Certified Hand
     Therapist, Nicole also receives walk-ins for which she makes splints that
     stabilize joints as directed by a doctor. Nicole’s experience and skills in
     communication with people as acquired by becoming a therapist allow her to
     also be an excellent mentor. Speaking from experience Nicole believes that
     an online forum built for professionals to communicate with one another
     over the most effective means of rehabilitation could be successful and
     thrive in the advertisement and internet rich era. She already recognizes
     the broad idea from a site on the social network, Facebook, that provides
     information and research for physical and occupational therapists however
     has yet to find a site that allows communication in a message board format
     and approves the idea.

Brennan, R. (1996). The Alexander Technique Manual. Great Britain: Little, Brown
     and Company (UK).
       The "Alexander Technique" is a method of changing everyday
       lifestyles that inflict harm on one's body. This book aims to convert
       problematic positions people put themselves in daily without even
       realizing they are causing harm to their bodies. By correcting simple
       habits throughout day-to-day life (such as the way one sits in their
       office chair) people can improve their health and strengthen weak parts
       in their bodies. Physical therapy aims to correct a patients problem with
       their body including posture, which can cause pain. By introducing the
       "Alexander Technique" to many who complain of back and joint
       pain, risk of major injury can be decreased dramatically. The source also
       contains simple stretches and exercises to increase the body's
       flexibility and improve poster, both of which relate directly to therapy
       given to patients. Although the source is built off a single idea, it
       provides a variety of techniques suggested for certain cases that may be
       presented to a physical or occupational therapist.

Brugioni, D. J., MD., & Falkel, J., Ph.D., P.T., CSCS. (2004). Total Knee
     Replacement and Rehabilitation: The Knee Owner's Manual (A. Mummery, Ed.).
     1700 Fourth Street, Berkeley CA 94710: Publishers Group West.
       Knee replacement patients are common within Physical/Occupational
       Therapy clinics as rehabilitation comes directly from therapy and
       exercise. Although the source's aim is to engage the patient, the
       specific procedures educate the therapist as well as describe exercises
       and methods to help someone with knee replacement recover. From a
       therapist standpoint this book helps allow one to connect on an emotional
       level with a patient in need of rehabilitation from knee replacement
       surgery as it describes how one must mentally and physically prepare
       themselves for such a serious procedure.

CAPTE Accredited Physical Therapist Education Programs. (2011). American
     Physical Therapy Association. Retrieved January, 2011, from American
     Physical Therapy Association website: www.apta.org
       CAPTE Accredited Physical Therapist Education Programs is a site that
       provides a list of schools/universities that offer physical therapy
       degrees as given out by the American Physical Therapy Association. To
       receive a degree in physical therapy there are several requirements along
       with several different directions to go about receiving the degree. For
       each individual seeking a career in physical therapy there are many
       different options and paths to take; this site provides the options of
       universities to attend that offer a degree that will get one where they
       need to be. Depending upon the individual’s choice, a degree in physical
       therapy can be attained through either a master’s program, a PhD, or a
       five-year program. Each of these paths are offered at different
       universities thus it is necessary for all those interested in the career
       to find the right university based on their choice of going about getting
       a degree. This site provides all the information necessary as it breaks
       schools available into categories by states. When looking further into a
       specific school, the site provides information on each physical therapy
       program and what it entails, including the path of study and
       administrator involved.

Colligan, L. H. (2010). The Amazing Human Body: Muscles (K. Ang, Ed.). 99 White
     Plains Road, Tarrytown, New York 10591: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark.
       This source describes the muscular system of the human body in full
       detail, dividing into subsections promoting what muscles are, how they
       react in movement, diseases within the muscle, injuries in the muscles,
       and keeping muscles within the body healthy. Muscular injuries whether
       related to sports injuries, injuries in general, or a mutation within the
       body, generally call for physical therapy in order to rehabilitate and
       solve the problem. This book goes into detail describing the use of
       muscles in the body and what happens to them when they are injured. When
       applied to therapy in order to strengthen and solve muscular problems,
       having a full understanding of what is wrong under the surface is
       significant. This book provides pictures and charts that depict the
       different types of muscles and how they function along with what exercise
       and rehabilitation will provide.

Danziger, P. (n.d.). Spinal Cord Injuries. Retrieved from
       Many physical therapist's patients experience spinal injuries or
       complain of pain around the spinal cord and along the back as spinal
       problems cause extreme discomfort and are generally treated through
       therapy. This site provides descriptive information on spinal injuries
       along with what kind of therapy to receive for different problems and
       what rehabilitation centers are available. Although the site aims to
       provide information for patients, it also gives therapists more
       information on spinal injuries and how to treat them. The site has not
       been endorsed by a doctor however gives a lot of information by subtopics
       for a general understanding of treating spinal injuries.

DavisPTnetwork. (2008-2010). Retrieved January, 2011, from DavisPTnetwork
       DavisPT network connects professionals involved in physical and
       occupational therapy/ rehabilitation through the internet in order to
       provide a series of information, career opportunities, and communication
       services to practicing therapists. The cite also helps direct users to
       education for physical therapy through links to online degree centers
       along with a section for those interested in learning about CE
       requirements and take online courses on the website. Another section of
       the database allows current, graduated therapists to connect with past
       colleagues and classmates and learn about the new trends and requirements
       set out each year that practicing therapist are to be aware of. There is
       also a section where users can openly post questions that they can have
       answered by anyone else available so that members can receive comments
       and advice on whatever they are interested in. This site is helpful in
       the way it connects therapists from one clinic to another in order to
       receive advice and intelligence from other practicing medical
       professionals. However the site has no way of identifying the legitimacy
       of its members as professionals and thus cannot define advice and
       comments as successful and safe rather but may however instead have
       negative outcomes.

Diabetic Neuropathies: The Nerve Damage of Diabetes. (n.d.). National Diabetes
     Information Clearinghouse (NDIC). Retrieved January, 2011, from NIDDK
     website: diabetes.niddk.nih.gov
       When assessing any problem within the body as a physical or occupational
       therapist it is important to know the current medical standing of the
       patient along with their medical history in order to diagnose the right
       problem and ultimately prescribe the most successful and effective means
       of rehabilitation. Neuropathy is a condition within the fingers, toes,
       hands, and feet most commonly, although it can reach larger sections of
       the body, which results in numbness/tingling and the loss of feeling. One
       of the causes of Neuropathy is from the prolonged disease, diabetes, and
       is most commonly found in older patients. When therapists assess a new
       patient they ask about numbness and tingling in any area of the body
       which is followed up by the medical history asked for at the beginning of
       the session. Realizing the patient is a diabetic and diagnosing
       Neuropathy as a diabetic result rather than due to some other issue
       within that section of the body is extremely important as the correct
       means of rehabilitation must be applied. A medical background and
       understanding of causes of certain symptoms allows therapists and doctors
       to be efficient; this source supplies the information needed to know
       about diabetic Neuropathy.

Edell, D. (2009). Rehabilitation. In ACL Tears. Retrieved from
       In Physical Therapy, ACL tear patients are common as they need specific
       therapy to rehabilitate their knee after surgery. This site gives
       complete information on ACL tears, surgery, and rehabilitation. As a
       therapist, one can view the side tab "Rehabilitation", provided
       in the site, to view specific exercises for a patient with a torn ACL to
       go through to receive proper therapy in order to strengthen and cure
       their knee. The site also provides an article describing the anatomy of
       the knee so that the therapist can view what has been damaged and how to
       rebuild the area around the tear. As an information center specifically
       on ACL tears, this site is very helpful in providing specific and
       abundant information for both the patient and therapist.

Exercise and Fitness/Rehabilitation. (1997). In M. H. Beers MD, A. J. Fletcher
     MB, & T. V. Jones MD, MPH (Eds.), The Merick Manual of Medical Information
     (2nd ed., pp. 31-45). Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories.
       The Merck Manual provides the significance of stretching, exercise, and
       movement within chapter 6: Exercise and Fitness by breaking down the
       importance of many specific exercises that help prevent injury. Chapter
       7: Rehabilitation then continues with detailed descriptions of physical
       versus occupational therapy along with examples of different methods of
       therapy/rehabilitation for different injuries and body parts. This source
       provides reliable relevant information that touches on
       Physical/Occupational Therapy directly through different methods of
       rehabilitation along with specific therapy for different injuries or

Fingertip Injuries/Amputations. (n.d.). Retrieved October 24, 2010, from
     American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons website: orthoinfo.aaos.org
       After any part of the hand is removed completely and needs to be
       surgically reattached, intensive therapy is the only way to gain movement
       and strength in the injured digit again. Therapy following an amputation
       injury involves strengthening and breaking up scar tissue while
       maintaining a gentle, non forceful program in order to let the wound heal
       completely. This source describes what happens to the digit internally
       and what to expect during and after treatment. Fully understanding the
       effects of accidental amputations and the surgery that goes along with
       reattachment allows the therapist to assess the injury and prescribe the
       most useful means of rehabilitation without harming the wound but at the
       same time without allowing the build up of scar tissue to stiffen the
       area permanently.

Fishman, L., M.D., & Saltonstall, E. (2010). Yoga for Osteoporosis. 500 Fifth
     Avenue, New York, NY 10110: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.
       Loren Fishman writes informational books on techniques of yoga from a
       medical perspective based on different diseases and how to treat them
       through yoga and exercise. The book opens on several chapters describing
       the condition of Osteoporosis, stating how it begins, what it effects,
       and the risk factors of remaining ignorant to the condition. Several
       tests for Osteoporosis are listed with the liability factors for each and
       how they are performed. Most of the source demonstrates yoga moves and
       positions to prevent and treat Osteoporosis, techniques that are commonly
       used in physical therapy. Yoga is a mix between balance, strength, and
       flexibility, three things that are worked on and pushed towards
       increasing in physical therapy. Therapists will often give their patients
       yoga moves as a part of their exercise program to increase the strength
       and balance of the area being treated. This source helps outline
       different yoga positions and what each one will help.

Gillanders, A. (2002). Reflexology: Simple Routines for Home, Work, and Travel
     (S. Abbott, Ed.). London: Gaia Books, Ltd.
       Reflexology is a method of massage that triggers reflexes within the
       body by looking at different, smaller body parts as a whole, comparing
       and labeling it as the entire body in itself. Although the book focuses
       on relaxing the body in a method of mental and psychological viewpoints,
       it also serves as a tool for therapy as far as massaging goes. The source
       provides different images of the hands describing each area and method of
       massaging as compared to a larger part of the body as a whole. For a
       therapist, knowing different ways to massage the hands helps to alleviate
       stress from the build up of scar tissue rather than from stress from life
       in general. The book is build up of chapters on ways to relieve stress
       from different problems or situations in life, each with diagrams on how
       to massage the hands and in what directions to go with a certain amount
       of pressure. The detailed descriptions on massage can help inform a hand
       therapist on ways to relieve scar tissue from surgery without causing
       pain to the patient.

Godbole, M. (n.d.). Occupational Therapy vs Physical Therapy. In Buzzle.com:
     Intelligent Life on the Web. Retrieved August 18, 2010, from
       This source breaks up the difference between Physical and Occupational
       Therapy by dividing each occupation's objectives and goals into
       subtopics. Although Physical and Occupational Therapy seem similar and
       both serve as rehabilitation for the human body, as the article
       describes, each job is responsible for different cases. From this article
       one can learn that a Physical Therapist works towards building up muscles
       for everyday motions and general health where an Occupational Therapist
       works to rehabilitation towards a specific motion such as things one does
       throughout a work day at the office. Occupational Therapy may also
       consist of mental rehabilitation where Physical Therapy works with purely
       physical problems. As a mentorship student, one may view the careers of
       both kinds of therapists, however this site helps define the specific
       differences between the two occupations.

Herzberger, Tracey. Personal interview. Dec. 2010. Tracey Herzberger is an
     Occupational Therapist and a Certified Hand Therapist employed at
     Physiotherapy Associates in Clarksville, Maryland under coordinator Ron
     Spicer. Tracey works with doctors Peter Innis, Michael Murphy, and Higgins
     to rehabilitate hand injuries after surgery; she also works directly with
     patients’ injuries that don’t need surgery. Tracey creates a series of
     splints for the arm, elbow, and hand as she was trained to do becoming a
     Certified Hand Therapist. Tracey believes every physical or occupational
     therapist have their own way of doing things based on their experience and
     education and thus treat cases differently to achieve success rates at
     different time intervals or with different methods. She assesses each
     patient as an individual and takes significant effort to look through their
     past and current medical history in order to prescribe the correct program
     of therapy. In a mentorship Tracey is very useful as she describes what has
     happened to the patient and goes through their recovery path in order to
     educate the student on every aspect of the case. Her experience and
     knowledge could be useful to anyone interested in the medical field as her
     past employment with spinal injuries gives her a wide range of experience.

Internet Users Statistics: The Internet Big Picture. (2000-2010). Internet World
     Stats: Usage and Population Statistics. Retrieved January, 2011, from
     Miniwatts Marketing Group website: www.internetworldstats.com
       Internet World Stats: Usage and Population Statistics is a site that
       provides data in the form of charts based on the percentage of internet
       users in different regions of the world and its growth in the past decade
       in proportion with the increase in population and in comparison of the
       penetration of the population. According to the website internet usage
       has increased rapidly within the year 2000 until 2010 ranging from about
       146% to 2360% leaving North American as the fifth highest country to
       increase percentage of internet users so dramatically. Worldwide the
       internet has become the most successful market in advertisement and a
       leader in means of research and information where communication is linked
       through the web and continues to become more and more electronically
       based over time. Most companies use this information and these statistics
       to advertise and communicate their facility over the internet in an
       effort to reach a greater audience and wider range of customers. This
       site could be helpful to any business or organization trying to not only
       advertise but also set up means of education and communication across

Johansson, P. (1999). Diseases and People: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and other
     Repetitive Strain Injuries. Berkeley Heights, NJ 07922: Enslow Publishers,
     Inc. .
       This source describes common strain injuries in the upper extremity of
       the human body, specifically the hands, wrists, and elbows. The book
       breaks into sections of how the injury started, what exactly it is, how
       to heal and solve the problem, and what will happen if one is ignorant to
       the injury. The discovery of each disease can also be located throughout
       the book. This source was created for people with hand pain/injuries
       looking for what exactly they have and how to treat it. Hand Therapists
       assess these injuries often as each case described is common within human
       hands. The source could help inform a therapist on what specific pains
       are caused by as patients complain of common problems within their hands
       so that methods of rehabilitation can be applied to solve each problem.
       Physical Therapy clinics receive many patients with carpal tunnel,
       tendinitis, tennis elbow, etc and have to not only treat the case but
       first discover what the case is based on the pain the patient describes.
       This source describes what specific types of pains infer and gives an in
       depth description of what is wrong inside the hand that is causing the
       pain in the first place, allowing for a program on therapy to be applied.

Layman, D., Dr. (2003). Biology Demystified: A Self-Teaching Guide. United
     States of America: The McGraw-Hill Companies.
       "Biology Demystified" gives an in-depth description and
       exploration of the study of biology including every way in which the body
       functions. Not only does physical/occupational therapy focus and deal
       with the body, but in order to get a degree in therapy a bachelors in
       either biology, kinesiology, or some sort of related study is required
       before the student moves on to physical therapy schooling. As a student
       preparing for a biology major, this source gives background information
       on the subject along with description on various topics involved in
       biology. With an easy beginner book on biology along with diagrams,
       important terms, and quizzes, one can acquire in-depth knowledge about
       how the body works and begin to understand the study of life.

Life Fitness Physical Therapy . (2011). Retrieved January, 2011, from Heritage
     Digital website: www.lifefitnesspt.com...
       Life Fitness Physical Therapy is an example of a clinic striving for
       advertisement, marketing, and information through the internet as a site
       designed to allow customers/patients learn more and come in contact with
       the facility. They provide information on their clinic mostly and include
       a background on rehabilitation based on evidence that they provide as a
       service to those who need it. Life Fitness Physical Therapy provides in
       their website all of the information, contact numbers, available staff,
       forms, insurance information, etc. to show their customers exactly what
       to expect and how to go about getting involved in their facility. This
       site benefits the patients that gain knowledge and seek help through
       internet means and also helps advertise and attract patients—which is
       good for the business itself. The site however does not provide
       information to help benefit the professionals employed as therapists at
       their facility or include a section on rehabilitation and injuries in
       themselves but rather sticks to advertising instead.

Morris, J., M.D. (1999-2010). Joint Replacement Surgery of the Hand. Retrieved
     October 24, 2010, from MedicineNet.com website: www.medicinenet.com
       Joint replacement surgery is one of the most common procedures carried
       out and is seen often in hand rehabilitation centers for joints within
       the fingers, thumb, or wrist. This source describes why a joint would
       need replaced along with the surgery that goes along with replacing the
       the joint through Arthroplasty, which is a commonly seen procedure in
       physical therapy as rehabilitation for the movement of the digit after
       the procedure is completely necessary. This source helps inform and
       define the procedure of joint replacement in general and then
       specifically within the hand. In order to locate and perform the most
       effective means of rehabilitation to a patient, a therapist has to
       coordinate with other sources in order to be completely informed and
       aware of what has happened in the past, is occurring presently, and how
       the procedure will effect the future of the patient.

Myelomeningocele. (n.d.). Myelomeningocele. Retrieved January, 2011, from Google
       Myelomeningocele, also known as Spina Bifida, is a congenital disease
       caused by the defected growth of the spinal cord. Not often are Spina
       Bifida victims prescribed to attend physical therapy at an older age
       however there are often cases presented to the therapist that they have
       to deal with and attempt to cure no matter what the boundaries are. As a
       medical professional, therapists should be informed on the causes and
       results of most diseases and maybe even more so of spinal cord
       injuries/diseases as their rehabilitation is more prolonged, specific to
       the patient, and difficult to address. This site provides information on
       the specific disease of Myelomeningocele by breaking the information into
       subsections based on topic, such as causes, symptoms, diagnoses, etc.
       Each section lists and describes the different areas of the disease in
       order to inform the audience on all specifications and areas so that they
       can assess the patient with full knowledge and understanding. In order to
       prescribe an effective program of rehabilitation to any patient the
       therapist must discover the cause of the problem and then decide on means
       of healing the injured area, this site helps provide the information
       necessary to fully assess a patient with Spina Bifida.

Nervous System Disorders. (n.d.). Rush University Medical Center. Retrieved
     January, 2011, from www.rush.edu...
       The nervous system affects feeling and reaction to touch and may cause
       pain, tingling, or numbness in any part of the body. Physical and
       Occupational therapists come in contact with the skin constantly
       throughout a therapy session thus it is very important to recognize the
       abnormalities of the nervous system so that the symptom can be diagnosed
       accurately in order for a successful program of rehabilitation to be
       prescribed. The Rush University Medical Center provides information on
       nervous system disorders through this website by first describing
       background information on the nervous system, breaking up the main parts
       of the system into two parts. For a therapist, knowing the background of
       every system of the body is very important in order to assess the problem
       efficiently, thus the background knowledge provided within this website
       help inform the audience of every aspect of nervous system disorders. The
       site then goes breaks up into links that lead to a different disorder
       which are described in detail. This site could help inform practicing
       physical therapists on the nervous system and disorders associated with
       it that may be presented in the work field.

Phillips, S. (2008). Strength for Life. United States: Ballantine Books.
       "Strength for Life" sets up an efficient fitness program to
       strengthen the human body all over. Specifically for physical therapy,
       rehabilitation is designed to treat the injured area then strengthen all
       around it in order to prevent future injury and give the patient a
       healthy, all-over increase in ability. With this source, a therapist can
       discover a variety of exercises pointed towards different areas of the
       body in order to strengthen the region that lost ability due to injury or
       surgery. This source pushes the reader to set up a specific schedule of
       exercise throughout the week in order to allow the body to gain maximum
       beneficence from specific exercises. Although a therapist may not
       prescribe a schedule based on day-to-day breaks and different body
       workouts, the source still provides a large selection of exercises listed
       under subtopics for each section of the body that could potentially be
       used in rehabilitation.

Physical Therapy Corner: Tennis Elbow. (2000-2010). Retrieved October 24, 2010,
     from Nismat website: www.nismat.org
       Tennis Elbow is a common injury caused by incorrect or awkward movement
       of the elbow resulting in pain. Physical Therapy Corner is a site that
       describes specific injuries followed by detailed explanations and
       illustrations for rehabilitation. This source is specifically about
       tennis elbow and describes the cause of the injury and how to
       rehabilitate it through therapy including stretching and specific
       exercises. The images within the page allow a hand therapist to perform
       stretches and prescribe specific exercises to the injury in order to
       eliminate pain and strengthen the region to return it to its original
       state as healthy. The source also describes the injury in more complex
       terms allowing one to see the deeper cause and reasons to why the injury
       causes pain.

Physical Therapy First. (2011). Retrieved January, 2011, from E-rehab website:
       Physical Therapy First is an organization that provides physical
       rehabilitation for all parts of the body through fitness and massage as a
       leading physical therapy clinic chain in the area. The site gives
       information on the career of physical therapy along with the significance
       of staying well and healthy and how to do so. This site is an attempt to
       publicize the company of Physical Therapy First in an attempt to reach
       their audience and patients over the internet. One who is looking for
       successful therapy may benefit from the information listed in order to
       decide what clinic provides the right insurance, aid, and service to that
       person individually. If searching for a way to stay fit and avoid the
       need for therapy, especially at an older age, then the section in this
       website could help provide the information necessary to remain healthy. A
       therapist in search of a clinic to work at could also find the site
       helpful as Physical Therapy First provides information on job
       opportunities within the company on their site.

RehabWorld.com. (1999). Retrieved January, 2011, from McGill website:
       RehabWorld.com is an earlier site created in order to provide visitors
       with information and links involved with the clinical medicine topic of
       therapy, from physical to occupational to mental to speech therapy. The
       forum is set up by section of therapy where under each are different
       subtopics that provide job opportunities and information regarding the
       profession and practice of different types of therapy. The final section
       of the forum provides businesses with the opportunity to advertise their
       clinic while search for new employees through a website created for
       therapy practices. For communication purposes the site has an email list
       where all participants may view other professionals that belong to and
       use the forum. This site could be successful and help professionals
       seeking job opportunities along with providing them with information
       broken into subtopics made strictly for professionals through a
       members-only format. Because the site is about ten years old however it
       lacks modern technological advances in that its communication section is
       limited to only the use of email.

Schlossberg, L., & Zuidema, G. D. (1997). Skeletal Muscles, Joints, and Fascial
     Structures. In G. D. Zuidema MD (Ed.), The Johns Hopkins Atlas of Human
     Functional Anatomy (4th ed., pp. 10-19). 2715 North Charles Street
     Baltimore, Maryland 21218-4319: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
     (Original work published 1977)
       The source explains in detail the alignment and function of all the
       muscles in the body by breaking down each section into subtopics in order
       to provide a detailed, organized, and specific explanation of each muscle
       in the human body. It provides a somewhat helpful amount of information
       as it gives an overall explanation of what muscles are in the body
       however does not describe injuries or procedures to therapy to provide
       for each muscle group. The book creates a great basis of background
       knowledge for topic. The Johns Hopkins University book provides accurate
       information and stands as a reliable source.

Taylor, C. L., Ph.D., & Schwarz, R. J., M.D. (n.d.). The Anatomy and Mechanics
     of the Human Hand. Retrieved October 24, 2010, from Digital Resource
     Foundation website: www.oandplibrary.org...
       This source provides detailed information on the anatomy and make up of
       the human hand through subsections of bone, muscles and tendons, palmar
       and digital pads, dorsal integument, and nerve and blood supply. Each of
       these sections provide a description of the build up of each system
       within the hand specifically. The site continues from there to divide
       into subsections based on the mechanics and functions of the different
       sections within the hand including hand patterns, movements, and
       dynamics. To treat an injury within the hand, a therapist must be very
       knowledgeable on every part of the hand in order to figure out what has
       gone wrong and assess a source of rehabilitation to solve the problem and
       return the hand to its normal, healthy state. The source provides
       background general knowledge of the make up of the human hand noting on
       all aspects under the surface and how they function.

Vad, V. B., M.D. (2006). Arthritis Rx. 375 Hudson Street, New York, New York
     10014, U.S.A.: Penguin Group (USA) Inc.
       Arthritis is a common disease that causes pain within the joints.
       Physical therapists receive arthritis patients often, specifically
       speaking on arthritis within the joints in the fingers. This source
       describes how the joints work normally verses the joints in a patient
       with Arthritis, what causes the disease, how to care for the
       pain/problem, and how to prevent it from becoming worse. Therapists put
       splints on joints experiencing Arthritis and provide the patient with
       therapy to eliminate pain and ways to prevent the issue from increasing;
       this source describes exercises and medicine in part three that can help
       a patient experiencing Arthritis. As a therapist applying a program to
       someone with an injury/problem it is good to know how the issue started
       initially and what is happening to cause the pain. Background knowledge
       on a common disease such as Arthritis is useful to know in order to not
       only help a patient who already has the disease but also to help inform
       others on how to prevent themselves from developing the disease. This
       source was developed for people who already have Arthritis and describes
       in detail how to fix pain through not only exercises, but also through
       going about daily life by avoiding certain activities and eating foods
       rich in ingredients that help the joints.

Weeks, Z. R. (2007). Occupational Therapy Careers. United States of America:
     McGraw-Hill Companies.
       This source gives a descriptive explanation of occupational therapy as a
       career and what it has to offer an individual. From the book one can
       collect detailed information of the occupational therapy industry along
       with how to acquire, maintain, and excel in a job as a therapist. It
       includes a wide variety of information grouped into general categories in
       order to give a large overview of the future as an occupational
       therapist. The source serves to explain the career itself rather than
       information needed to assess patients however gives a helpful overview of
       life in the future if one were to become an occupational therapist.

DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.